Grammar word

Present Tense

By Hafsa - 17 January 2021

Here we provide a Definition of Present Tense. When a verb refers to the present time, is called present tense. অর্থাৎ, কোন Verb বর্তমান সময়কে নির্দেশ করলে তাকে Present Tense বলা হয়।

Types of Present Tense

Present Tense

They are four types of Present Tense.

  1. Present Indefinite Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Definition of Present Indefinite Tense: Present Indefinite Tense or Simple Present Tense I used to express the idea that an action is usual or habitual and done on a regular basis. অর্থাৎ, বর্তমান সময়ের কোন কাজ বা ঘটনা প্রকাশ করতে যে tense ব্যবহৃত হয় তাকে Present Indefinite Tense বলে।

Structure: Subject+Princial Verb ( Present Form) + Other words.

Example: সূর্য পূর্বদিকে ওঠে। The sun rises in the east.

Definition of Present Continuous Tense: Present Continuous Tense is used to describe a continued or an ongoing action to the present. These actions are occurring exactly at the time of speaking. It is called progressive tense because it refers to actions that are currently in progress at the time of speaking. অর্থাৎ, বর্তমান সময়ে কোন কাজ চলছে/চলিতেছে এমন বোঝালে তাকে Present Continuous Tense বলে।

Structure: Subject+am/is/are+verb(present form)+ing+other words.

Example: Tamim is playing cricket. তামিম ক্রিকেট খেলছে/খেলিতেছে।

Definition of Present Perfect Tense: Present Perfect Tense is used to express an action that occurred or completed at some point in the past. This tense expresses an idea of completion or occurrence of action is passed without giving any exact time of its occurrence. অর্থাৎ, বর্তমান সময়ে কোন কাজ শেষ হয়েছে কিন্তু তার ফলাফল এখনও বিদ্যমান, এমন বোঝালে তাকে Present Continuous Tense বলে।

Structure: Subject+have/has+verb(past participle form)+other words.

Example: Mahin has played cricket. মাহিন ক্রিকেট খেলিয়াছে/খেলছে।

Definition of Present Perfect Continuous Tense: Present Perfect Continuous Tense indicates an action that has been going on for a period and not finished yet. অর্থাৎ, কোন কাজ অতীতে শুরু হয়ে বর্তমান সময় পর্যন্ত নির্দিষ্ট বা অনির্দিষ্ট সময় ধরে চলছে এরূপ বোঝালে তাকে Present Perfect Continuous Tense বলে।

Structure: Subject+have been/has been+verb(present form)+ing+other words(+since/for+time).

Example: Nusrat has been running a computer since she was four. নুসরাত চার বছর বয়স থেকে কম্পিউটার চালাচ্ছে।


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