Grammar word

Types of Sentence

By Hafsa - 10 January 2021

Types of Sentence. When students learn to write, they begin by learning about the five types of sentences. A group of words that makes complete sense is called a sentence. এক বা একাধিক word পাশাপাশি বসে যদি সম্পূর্ণ মনের ভাব প্রকাশ করে, তখন তাকে Sentence বলে।

What Are the Five Types of Sentences?

Kinds of Sentence

অর্থ বা কাজের ওপর ভিত্তি করে ইংরেজিতে Sentence কে সাধারণত পাঁচ ভাগে ভাগ করা যায়।

1. Assertive Sentence.
2. Interrogative Sentence.
3. Imperative Sentence.
4. Optative Sentence.
5. Exclamatory Sentence.

Definition of Assertive Sentence: A sentence that makes a statement or assertion is called an Assertive Sentence. অর্থাৎ, যে Sentence- এ কোন বিবৃতি করা হয়, তাকে Assertive Sentence বলে।

Example: Babul is a good boy.

Pattern: Subject + verb + object/complement/adverb/adjective

Definition of Interrogative Sentence: A sentence that asks a question is called a question of Interrogative Sentence. অর্থাৎ, যে Sentence দ্বারা কোন প্রশ্ন জিজ্ঞেস করা বোযায়, তাকে Interrogative Sentence বলে।

Example: Does Amin go to school?

Pattern: Auxiliary verb + Subject + Extension + Note of Interrogation   

Definition of Imperative Sentence: A sentence that expresses an order, advice, request, proposal is an Imperative Sentence. অর্থাৎ, যে Sentence দ্বারা কোন আদেশ, উপদেশ, অনুরোধ, প্রস্তাব ইত্যাদি বোঝায় তাকে Imperative Sentence বলে।

Example: Do the work. (কাজটি কর)

Pattern: Subject (Invisible) + verb + object / where

Definition of Optative Sentence: A sentence that expresses a wish, desire, or prayer is called an Optative Sentence. অর্থাৎ, যে Sentence দ্বারা ইচ্ছা, আকাঙ্ক্ষা, প্রার্থনা ইত্যাদি প্রকাশ পায়, তাকে Optative Sentence বলে।

Example: May you be happy in life. (তুমি জীবনে সুখী হও।)

Pattern: May + Assertive

Definition of Exclamatory Sentence: A sentence that expresses a strong feeling or emotion is called an Exclamatory Sentence. অর্থাৎ, যে Sentence দ্বারা মনের আনন্দ, দুঃখ, বেদনা ইত্যাদি প্রকাশ পায় তাকে Exclamatory Sentence বলে।

Pattern: Alas/ Hurrah/ Bravo/ What/ How etc. + Others

Example: How beautiful the house is! (বাড়িটি কি সুন্দর!)

Classification of Sentence According to Structure

According to structure, sentences are of three types.
1. Simple Sentence.
2. Compound Sentence.
3. Complex Sentence.

Definition of Simple Sentence: The sentence which contains one subject and only one finite verb is called a Simple Sentence. অর্থাৎ, যে Sentence-এ একটি মাত্র finite verb থাকে, তাকে Simple Sentence বলে।

Pattern: Subject + finite verb + complement

Example: Kazi Nazrul Islam is our national poet.

Definition of Compound Sentence: A sentence consisting of one principal clause and one or more subordinate clauses is a complex sentence. অর্থাৎ, যে Sentence-এ দুই বা ততোধিক Principle clause থাকে এবং এগুলা And, Because, But, Or, Yet ইত্যাদি Conjunction দ্বারা যুক্ত, তাকে Compound Sentence বলে।

Example: The man was poor but honest. (লোকটি গরীব কিন্তু সৎ।)

Definition of Complex Sentence: A sentence which contains one principal clause and one or more subordinate clause is called a Complex Sentence. অর্থাৎ, যে Sentence-এ একটি principal clause এবং এক বা একাধিক subordinate clauses থাকে, তাকে Complex Sentence বলে।

Example: We know that he is honest. (আমরা জানি যে সে সৎ।)

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